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What is Sexual Harassment?

Sex discrimination, sexual harassment, sexual violence, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual exploitation and stalking
  • Sex Discrimination

    Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits discrimination based on sex in education programs and activities. Examples of the types of discrimination that are covered under Title IX include but are not limited to sexual harassment; the failure to provide equal opportunities in athletics or in a schools’ science, technology, engineering and math programs; and discrimination based on pregnancy.

    Source: http://www2.ed.gov/policy/rights/guid/ocr/sexoverview.html

    Sexual Harassment

    Sexual harassment is any unwelcome sexual advance, request for sexual favors, or other sexual or gender-based verbal, written, online and/or physical conduct. Sexual harassment creates a hostile environment that has the effect of unreasonably interfering with, denying or limiting employment opportunities or the ability to participate in or benefit from the College’s educational, social and/or residential programs.

    Source: Civil Rights Policies and Procedures 

    Sexual Violence

    Physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or when a person is incapable of giving consent (for example, due to the student’s age or use of drugs or alcohol, or because an intellectual or other disability prevents the student from having the capacity to give consent).

    Source: https://www.notalone.gov/students/

    Domestic Violence

    Domestic violence can happen to anyone of any race, age, sexual orientation, religion or gender. Abuse is a repetitive pattern of behaviors to maintain power and control over an intimate partner. These are behaviors that physically harm, arouse fear, prevent a partner from doing what they wish or force them to behave in ways they do not want. Abuse includes the use of physical and sexual violence, threats and intimidation, emotional abuse and economic deprivation. Many of these different forms of abuse can be going on at any one time.

    Source: http://www.thehotline.org/is-this-abuse/abuse-defined/

    Dating Violence

    Dating violence is a pattern of abusive behaviors (for example, physical abuse, verbal or emotional abuse, sexual abuse, digital abuse and stalking) – usually a series of abusive behaviors over a course of time – used to exert power and control over a dating partner. Every relationship is different, but the things that unhealthy and abusive relationships have in common are issues of power and control. Any young person can experience dating abuse or unhealthy relationship behaviors, regardless of gender, sexual orientation, socioeconomic standing, ethnicity, religion or culture.

    Source: http://www.breakthecycle.org/learn-about-dating-violence

    Sexual Exploitation

    Sexual exploitation refers to a situation in which a person takes non-consensual or abusive sexual advantage of another. Examples of which include, but are not limited to: sexual voyeurism; taking pictures or video or audio recording another in a sexual act, or in any other private activity without the consent of all involved in the activity; prostitution; engaging in sexual activity with another person while knowingly infected with a sexually transmitted disease and without informing the other person of the infection; administering alcohol or drugs to another person without his or her knowledge or consent.

    Source: Civil Rights Policies and Procedures 

    Stalking

    Stalking is a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear. Some things that stalkers do include, but are not limited to are: follow you and show up wherever you are; send unwanted gifts, cards, e-mails or text messages; damage your home, car or other property; monitor your phone calls or computer use; use technology to track where you go; drive by or hang out at your home, school or work; post information or spreading rumors about you on social media or by word of mouth; threaten to hurt you, your family friends or pets.

    Source: http://www.victimsofcrime.org/our-programs/stalking-resource-center/stalking-information